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2019 TRI Factsheet: State – North Carolina
Data Source: Preliminary 2021 Dataset (released September 2022)

The Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) tracks the management of certain toxic chemicals that may pose a threat to human health and the environment. Certain industrial facilities in the U.S. must report annually how much of each chemical is recycled, combusted for energy recovery, treated for destruction, and disposed of or otherwise released on- and off-site. This information is collectively referred to as production-related waste managed.

Map of TRI Facilities in North Carolina
Quick Facts for 2019
North Carolina United States
Number of TRI Facilities: 780 21,877
Total Production-Related Waste Managed: 529.8 million lbs 31.0 billion lbs
Total On-site and Off-site Disposal or Other Releases: 56.9 million lbs 3.4 billion lbs
Total On-site: 39.2 million lbs 2.9 billion lbs
Air: 21.7 million lbs 603.5 million lbs
Water: 8.1 million lbs 200.8 million lbs
Land: 9.3 million lbs 2.1 billion lbs
Total Off-Site: 17.7 million lbs 459.6 million lbs
North Carolina ranks 18 out of 56 states/territories nationwide based on total releases per square mile (Rank 1 = highest releases)

Looking at production-related waste managed over time helps track progress in reducing waste generated and moving toward safer waste management methods. EPA encourages facilities to first eliminate waste at its source (source reduction). For waste that is generated, the preferred management method is recycling, followed by energy recovery, treatment, and as a last resort, disposing of or otherwise releasing the waste. Under the Pollution Prevention Act of 1990, TRI collects information to track industry progress in reducing waste generation and moving towards safer waste management alternatives. Learn more about Pollution Prevention and TRI.

The following charts represent releases of TRI-covered chemicals to the environment in the State of North Carolina. A "release" of a chemical means that it is emitted to the air or water, placed in some type of land disposal, or transferred off-site for disposal or release.

Top Five Chemicals Released to Air and Water
NC, 2019
Note: **=Carcinogenic Chemical
Note: Trend graphs were created using the 2001 core chemicals/industries list.

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